Qualities of a King stated in Ramayana – Part 2

We have talked about Qualities of a King (Part 1) before. This post is a continuation of Kingly Qualities stated in Ramayana. These qualities are mentioned by Rama to Bharata in Ayodhya Kanda Chapter 100 of Valmiki Ramayana.


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The Defence Forces

Senapathy (Head of Defence) has a serious role in the welfare of the country. The man who leads the Defence forces should be a Satisfied and Happy person. One who is depressed and dissatisfied with himself and the situations of the country should never lead the army. The Defence head should be naturally smart and intelligent. He should be brave, ethical and have a clean record. He must also be from a good background and be totally dedicated to the King.

Army should always be paid on time. They must also be kept well fed and satisfied. If the basic necessities of the defence men are not taken care of, they will be angry with the State and the King. Civil Unrest and Non Dedicated performance at the war front will cost the King dearly.

Negative People in Society

There are certain people in the country who are perpetual trouble makers. They keep making tricks and cheat people with dubious methods. Such citizens are responsible for disturbing the peace of countrymen. Sometimes, they may be powerful with money and other resources as well. They may try to spread wrong messages and ideas to people. Such elements should be destroyed.

We have experienced a lot of negative forces in our country over the years. For money and power, they are ready to do anything at all. Ramayana talks very strongly about keeping such people under strict control or even eliminating them. In Democratic system, it is possible that such people could even come to very powerful positions. The nation should have great controls to install checks on them.

There are people who have been driven out of the country on punishments who are back in the nation after their exile. They must be kept close watch on. They may not always be weak and may seek revenge. There will be atheists and people who do not agree with principles of the King. They should not be disrespected, as such men may be good with words and great at debates. They may cause a lot of trouble and ill will towards the State.


A great King has great spies. He must appoint spies to look after chief people in his country and other countries as well. There should always be a close eye on the enemies and friends of the King.

The Chief Minister, Court Priest, Successor to the King (Yuvaraja), Head of Defence, Chief Prisons Officer, Chief of the Harem, Main Gate Keeper, Finance Minister, Head of Accounts, Head of Publicity and other people who maintain key responsibilities should be spied upon without fail. The intentions and directions of these people should be kept a close watch on.

The Common Folk

People who work on the fields and conduct business should have high regards for the King. They constitute the Vaishyas and Shudras of the nation. A dissatisfied community of workers and businessmen would result in bad consequences for any King. We can see this today, where businessmen decide the fate of many elections.

Ramayana states that women should be protected and taken care of. A country where women do not feel safe speaks very badly on the King. However, people on the streets and women at home should not come to know of the nation’s secrets. This can be very dangerous.

Servants in the court should not be able to approach the King with total freedom. Yet, they should not be kept away as well. There should be a middle path with respect to the King’s servants. Too much freedom and too much fear are both bad for servants.

We can see how a King or a Leader are very similar in many respects. These principles stated in Ramayana thousands of years ago still hold very good. The wisdom shared in our scriptures have great validity.

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