The Transformative Process of Destruction

Ancient India shares a lot of wisdom behind the concept of Destruction. Constant Destruction is the reason behind Creation. More than complete annihilation, destruction is rather a transformative process. One form changes to another and so the perception of the changed form is destroyed. Yet, in line with the conservation of matter and energy, nothing is destroyed forever. Nature and Time acts on things and concepts to change them from one form to another.

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(Image Credit: Stefan)

Film and Concept of Samsara

The Trimurti of Creation (Brahma), Sustenance (Vishnu) and Destruction (Maheshwara) are not separate entities. They are manifestations of the same integrated whole. When we look at the principles behind the cycle of creation and destruction, the idea of integration becomes clear. Imagine a film that is being played. Technically we know it is a group of frames that move before our eyes that trick us into believing we are seeing a continuous representation of life itself. The frames that have moved before are “destroyed” and frames that are to come are “created”.

Consider the idea of film with more depth in line with the discussion of Samsara. If the past frames are not moved out, the future frames cannot come in view. Only with Destruction, do we have any space for Creation. In between the phase of Creation and Destruction, there is a momentary illusion of “Life” or Sustenance where a particular frame is lit up to bring it to view. It is this short span of Life that we hold on very dearly which forms root of all our experience.

Look at our life journey so far. The Childhood in us was destroyed to pave way for our Teens. Our Teens died to create Youth and Youth dies to form Old Age. Eventually this very body itself dies to transform into something else. If lucky, we may come back with a Human Experience and go through this cycle again. Something in us is dying every moment and something is created every moment. We are constantly transforming every moment. A conscious effort to transform our body and mind to a higher plane of evolution will make our life experience more fulfilling.

Why Destruction?

We have heard that God is merciful. Why should there be the Destructive Tandava of Shiva in that case? Many among us live without direction and quest for wisdom. We get delighted with our little successes and depressed over our failures without trying to understand the underlying current behind these occurrences. The transformative process to awaken us to the deeper truth behind life will destroy many illusions that we held on to very strongly in life. To an external audience, this looks like death of certain behaviours and tendencies. For instance, we see people leaving the chase for possessions and positions for meditation and silence. That is death of one kind.

Any building, bridge or dam of superior strength and infrastructural excellence will start to crumble over the years. We take down such old structures to rebuild them or repair them in the interest of public safety. Destruction work in the same line. After an age, our bodies are not capable of working with the same vigour of youth. We cannot carry on for long periods. Destruction is vital in that case. However, destruction is not annihilation. It is rather a transformation from one kind to another.  

Material Wisdom behind Transformation

Once we realise the wisdom behind destruction, we wake up to a higher truth. We realise nothing is destroyed, but only transformed. Look at scientific innovations under this light. We claim we have “invented” automobiles, electronic equipment, building styles and so many things. We refuse to accept that we are only tools of Nature.

Drill down to the minutest components of our Material inventions. We can see that these are elements and compounds found in nature. iPhones and Computers will not have formed without Silicon. Automobiles will not work without fossil fuel. Even Solar Energy needs Sun. So, we are still totally dependent on Nature. We are only rearranging elements available in Nature and transforming them for our needs. So, here arises a question. Is there anything “Artificial” at all?

Dharma of Ahimsa in Everyday Life

Tirukkural says it is our Dharma not to hurt other living beings. Through hurting some other living being, we attain Adharma. From very olden times, we have engaged in hurting animals and people for selfish reasons out of ignorance. This is a very Adharmic activity. Even the thought of hurting another human or life form through word, action or thought is wrong. One who desires to gain jnana and insights should ideally shun Himsa of all forms. We have great examples like Mahatma Gandhi who was so inspired by Ahimsa that it became such integral part of Indian Life.

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Ahimsa: Highest Form of Dharma

Scriptures claim the highest form of Dharma is Ahimsa. The next highest form of Dharma is Truthful Living. An outlook of Ahimsa always bring in Good results. Such a thought pattern elevates our life. Practically it is difficult to not hurt any other life form. We kill millions of beings when we walk or when we breathe. But, a conscious attempt to reduce the impact of our “Himsa Footprint” by choosing to be Vegetarian and refusing to wear Leather has Karmic Merit.

It is permitted to speak lies to sustain Dharma. Even Yudhistira spoke a lie in the Dharma War of Mahabharata. But, there are no excuses for Ahimsa, according to Tirukkural. We could debate around the Dharma of a Soldier here. Is killing at the warfront Himsa or Dharma? This question is addressed with a lot of depth in Bhagavad Gita. Arjuna had the same question in Kurukshetra. This question produced the highest work of philosophy in India.

Completing Life Purpose

One who practices Ahimsa gets the opportunity to live their complete lifetime. There are chances that death may interfere with our normal life span and not allow us to complete our allotted lifetime. Accidents and Diseases cut normal lifespans short. A personal policy of Ahimsa is a license to complete our lifespan. Thus, we get our opportunity to finish our Dharmic Duty on the planet. This directly points to Human Life Purpose.

It is great to protect another life at the expense of our own lives. There are many great souls who have thrown themselves to death in order to save another life. Such Risk Takers of the highest kind are well rewarded by Karma. No sacrifice is greater than protecting another life by risking our own lives. Healthcare practitioners who work in Epidemic hit areas to do Selfless Service are great examples. Contributions by several doctors and nurses that served at Ebola hit areas are fresh in our memory.

Sharing is Caring

Our ancestors always shared their meals with other living beings. There are many families who spare a part of their meals for birds, squirrels, dogs and other animals that visit their garden. Such practices bring great good will to the giver. All lives are similar. All living beings have their right to food and respect. This helps to address our selfishness as well. Scriptures advise to leave little food outside our plates for ants and bugs. But, today we want “pest free homes” with such intensity that we cannot bear to see spiders, lizards, ants and birds around us. What right do we have to completely take their space for our selfish needs? Sharing our space and resources with fellow life forms is part of our Dharma. Ahimsa works in great scope.

Killing as Livelihood

Some unfortunate people have to gain their livelihood through killing. Look at butchers and Pest Control workers for instance. Scriptures warn such professions have heavy Dharmic debt. Often such professions are ancestral in nature. Taking life of those beings that cannot defend themselves has its effects in the form of Karma. Such Karma may return in future births as well. Tirukkural claims people who engage in such professions may find it difficult to break the cycle of Karma.

It is not just the butcher who takes in the Negative Karma. The person who buys meat from the butcher is also equally responsible for the Karma. Without buyers, butchers will not continue their business. This is a matter of choice. On human rights grounds and freedom to pursue any form of livelihood, such jobs may be justified. But, the Karmic debts cannot be ignored.

Many religious practices encourage animal sacrifices. These sacrifices are done to gain heavenly pleasures. Such Bali may provide short term gains. But, there are Karmic effects for Animal sacrifices. Vedic Sacrifices do not focus on animal sacrifices.

Ahimsa is an integral part of Indian way of life. No wonder Ahimsa has a great hold on India even today.

The Reasoning for Satsang Engagements

When we chase our desires and objects, we are prone to commit wrong actions. In order to keep ourselves free and safe, it is good to break free from attachments that do not serve our purpose. Association with beings who have reached the goals that we aspire for and of those who are guided by Realised Souls themselves will help us in our journey as well. This Association is called Satsang.

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Mind’s Attachment Game

The reason behind our attachments is the Mind. The mind is responsible for Mukti or Attachments. What we prefer is a matter of choice. Do we want ultimate freedom, bliss and joy? Or do we want to be dragged along with attachments that rise from world associations? When we are attached to the body and senses, we develop deep attachment to our possessions and relationships. How often do we brood over our house, car, electronics and people in our lives? This is a never ending loop that leads to more despair.

Dissatisfaction is a chronic illness in the planet today. A child who has just start to think is also dissatisfied due to the influence of world on her/ him. We get so influenced by what we hear and see. A news item, an object or a word that we hear from a friend is enough to throw us into a loop of desperation and depression. We feel that success in attaining small momentary goals will yield us satisfaction. The chase never ends. Desire keeps rising. Once this grip of desire leaves us, our mind starts to become pure. Imagine a situation when you do not want anything. Imagine a moment when you are entirely comfortable with the moment. This is freedom.  

Time for Scriptures

Observing the mind constantly starts a thought cleansing process. We start to feel the lightness of mind then. A sense of peace and bliss starts to rise within us. Desires and Greed loosens its grip over us. This moment is the right moment to start scriptural study. Material like this website will appeal more when you are in that state. However, going directly to the sources such as Gita, Bhagavatam, Tirukkural, Atma Bodham and so on would be more powerful.  

The insights that are born with study and detachment formed so, results in deep devotion. This devotion lays the foundation for development of Mind to become a Superpower. Such a powerful mind will raise you from being an Individual Self to merging with the Supreme Self. Our surroundings and environment fail to evoke pleasure and pain now. We realise that our Self is capable of self illumination without any source from outside. Maybe this is what we call “enlightenment”,  the emergence of light within. Wisdom starts to bubble within us and we become intuitive in nature. This is a very blissful experience. We know what we need to do at each moment. The silence within the mind becomes a powerful beacon of direction. Trust, Belief and Faith become strong feelings rather than just concepts we force on ourselves. The Faith that arises now cannot fall apart through debates and intellectual exercises.

Inspiring Company of Great People

Scriptural study eventually leads a seeker to the company of great men and women. These are beings who tolerate wrongdoings of fellow beings and not prone to taking revenge for things that has been done to them. They do react in Dharmic manners and are not door bells that anyone can ring and leave. Yet, there is an attitude of mercy and consideration in matters of life. They are called “Sadhus” in Bhagavatam.

Sadhus are defined by their clean minds. They are fixed on the Supreme Being and not shaken by the daily events that shake ordinary men and women. They wish well for all beings in the universe and do not entertain enmity with anyone. Such beings who are Loving by nature have no difficulties that bother them. They are powerful enough to eliminate the ill effects of attachments to negative elements. So, befriend them. This company is true Satsang. Satsang is a powerful tool that leads to Moksha.

Knowledge of the True Devotee

Consider your identity. You become a father when your kids exist. Similarly you can call yourself an employee when you work with an employer. Say your kids cease to exist or you resign from work. You are no longer a father or an employee. But, does the existence as “You” stop when the Qualities that defined your identity stop existing? There is something that still exist after every layer of identity is stripped off. This identity is beyond words and language.

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(Image Credit: Irina Patrascu Gheorghita)

Imagine you are asked the question, “Who are you?” What will be truest answer to this question? Our names are words given by our parents. We were still living before our names were given to us. What identity did we carry when we were in the womb? No name, no nationality, no descriptions – yet full of life. Say you are a human being born in the middle of jungle with no contact with other human beings. Language, words, concepts and lifestyle does not exist for you then. But, is there an identity that you carry in that case?

Truth Beyond the Material

We relate to things using things that we can see, feel and refer to. In that light, even a thought exists as a material reality. It may not have a form to see, a texture to touch or a sound to hear. But, we still perceive thought in our mind through intellect. So, thoughts are also sensed just like other objects. Hence, thoughts can be called as Material objects as well. What can be beyond thought as well? Those who have experienced thoughtlessness call it as a very potent silence. Now, what can be beyond silence also?

The ultimate truth exist beyond everything. It exists beyond the range of human capabilities and perception. On an earthly plane, Human Beings may be the most advanced of all beings due to our ability to think and speak. But, is there something that is beyond normal human perception as well? This is the question that the ultimate truth, the Atman provides solutions to.

Our world exists in three forms on a personal level – the sleeping state, the waking state and the dreaming state. Is there a state that defines all these three levels? In our non waking states, we are not aware of what happens around us. Still, an awareness is alive within us when are sleeping or dreaming. That Awareness is the Self (the Atman). How can we become aware of this Atman? It is an attempt that cannot be fulfilled by thought and intellectual exercises. We may need to transcend the human superpowers of thinking and speaking to reach there.

Space in Space in Space

Imagine there is a pot kept in a room. The pot encloses some space (Akasha). The pot is contained in the Akasha of the room. The room exists in the space that encloses the room (say a building or the great outdoors). Break the pot. The space inside the pot does not have a separate existence now. It is part of the space of the room now. Say we demolish the room. The space of the room is now part of the greater space.

Here, the space within the pot was part of the space inside the room. The room space was part of the great outdoors or even the outer space. No space has a separate existence. All of this is part of the greater existence. Similarly, the space within us is part of the greater space – the Atman itself. Even though we exist as separate people, we are all part of the greater whole.

“I am no different from others around me. I am no different from the dog outside the house. I am no different from the tree in the forest.” The space inside all these beings is the same. This realisation is the beginning of true devotion.

Are you a Well Meaning Relative?

Ravana talks harshly to Vibhishana when Vibhishana warns Ravana of consequences of abducting Sita in Chapter 16, Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana. Ravana enumerates the qualities of an evil relative. However, Vibhishana was only being truthful and well intentioned in warning Ravana of the great powers of Rama and his Vanara Army. Still, Ravana’s talk has a lot of wisdom that can be applied in our everyday lives.

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(Image Credit: Public.Resource.Org)

There are some relatives that enjoy our suffering. They could even be close friends or associates that seem well meaning. Identifying these elements and being cognizant about their character is important for our well being.

The Good needs to Care

Some of us are blessed to be talented and enjoy perks such as wealth, power and influence. We attract a lot of friends and relatives when celebrating these benefits. But when we fall from grace, evil friends and relatives enjoy that fall with a lot of happiness. This fall is celebrated especially in case of those who are of good standing in society, those who are powerful and of high influence, those who are knowledgeable, those who are ardent followers of Dharma and those who are Brave.

We can stay with enemies. We can even stay with poisonous snakes. But, we need to be very careful with those friends and relatives that liaison with the enemy. History is full of traitors who cannot stick with their side during times of crisis. We see this a lot in politics today. A better offer from the rival side is enough for some “leaders” to switch sides. The principles and ethics of political parties is neglected for power and position. Not even Grace can save the land that is ruled by such people.

Traits of Evil Relations

Evil friends and relatives take special pleasure of others’ hurt. They do not let their intentions known. We cannot understand what they think about, what they plan for and how they figure their execution strategies. Dharmic principles and techniques are not seen favourably by them. We come across many people these days who laugh at ethics and morality. Ends do not justify the means. Only when the means are also pure, can we call a project good.

Ramayana says you need not be scared of fire, weapons or other material objects. We can always find out means to solve challenges that come from these sources. But, we need to be very careful of bad friends and relatives who enjoy our pain. The first step to eliminating bad influences from our field would be to become a good friend or relative ourselves. Ask yourself. Do you really mean perfectly well for your friends and relatives?

Feel of a Bad Relationship

Ravana says that relations with bad friends is like water drops on a lotus leaf. It does not stick. We have experienced fair weather friends, who stick when times are good and leave when challenges arise. All wise cultures talk about real friends who stay with us during bad times and conditions. Clouds of winter only growl with thunder. They never yield rains. Friends of evil nature are so too. They may talk about favours and benefits. But, there would not be anything beyond mere words. Actions mean a lot more than mere words.

Bees linger around flowers till there is honey in them. Once the nectar is extracted, the bees never care about the flower. Similarly evil friends stay with us till we have something to offer them. Once they have taken everything from us, they leave us. It could be money, our networks, our beauty or our influence. A true jnani never befriends us to gain anything from us. They are happy with what nature has provided them. There is never anything extra needed from people.

Wild Elephants apply mud on themselves after a bathe. The cleanliness on them is very temporary. Relations with evil ones are very similar too. Any cleanliness we attain through Sadhana and Practice is destroyed with wrong words and intentions. A seeker who has not achieved enough strength could get discouraged with these words, intentions and actions.

We need not judge people as evil or good. That differentiation is the initial step to violence. Yet, it is important to shield ourselves from getting influenced by evilness from such people.

Desire: That which Blocks Self Realisation

The world that we see around us and the heaven that we hear about, have limited comforts and things that can satisfy us. The Worldly and Heavenly objects do not last forever and keep supplying us with things that we wish for. However, our desires never stop. Bhagavatam says the one who seeks to realise the Atman must move beyond his desires. But the fight with desire that arises within us is the biggest war every Man should undertake in his Human manifestation on Earth.

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Have Everything. Still Need More

Imagine you are the richest man in the world. You have more money that anyone else on this planet. You have more land and property as compared to anyone. The cars you drive are the best that technology has created. You have the most talented and obedient servants and staff to fulfil your needs. Still, as a worldly human being, you will not be satisfied. Your mind will ask for even more.

Look at our planet today. The richest 1% still needs much more than what they have taken. For individual comfort and glory, they are ready to push the rest of the world to poverty and war. Most people are rather slaves to these ultra rich families and individuals who control the finance, media and governments of the world. We are born into their monetary networks and work out lives satisfying their needs. Thanks to the spread of internet, we come across many details regarding the corporate scandals and government corruption that has been taking place for centuries. But, it is only naturally human that these super rich still wants more.

Objects and Experiences cannot Satisfy us

We believe that experiences and objects would satisfy our desires and wants. If one woman does not satisfy a man, he seeks out more women. But even after lusting around with hundreds of women, we still see crazed out men falling for the pleasure of skin and flesh. Had more experiences satisfied them, they would have stopped after a while. Same with land and houses as well. We have people with more than 50 houses still buying more and not seeming to get satisfied with all the property.

It is an honour these days to claim you are a collector of expensive goods. There are people who hoard cars, paintings and other objects who become very restless and unhappy taking stock of their collection and always wanting more. Even old age does not reduce desire in us. Wisdom is very rare and difficult to arise within men. People feel wisdom might bloom with experience. Scriptures say that need not be the case. The oil of objects will keep the fire of desire alive forever. More oil (more objects) keeps the fire (desire) burning forever. Think what could help address the rising desire.

Advice for Men regarding Women

Texts like Bhagavatam do not shy away from being blatant about the biology between men and women. Men are genetically made to desire women. Sexual attraction is natural. But, those who wish to rise to a higher level of realisation and wisdom must be careful about letting their desire unchecked. It is advised to be careful regarding interactions with women. The same Bhagavatam which sings about the 16,008 wives of Lord Krishna warns the common man about the dangers of women.

We have seen many great men of the past in the highest of positions in the most liberal of nations being shamed publicly for being careless with women. Even though it is natural for alpha males to mate several women, a lot of care is still advised. The most Alpha among Men is the one who can exercise restraint and walk away from sexual interaction as it needs a lot of mental power and strength of will. Look at Lakshman, Ram and Hanuman, who either stayed loyal to their one woman or kept the vow of celibacy in spite of being Super Alpha Men. Compare them with the common man who is fighting desire day in and out.

Indifference between Good and Bad

We experience several feelings from nature. It is common to label these experiences good and bad. However, a true human does not differentiate so. The detachment from what is acceptable to us and what is not is the initial step towards realising the Atman. The true Self within us do not judge. It does not differentiate between the person being wealthy or not. It does not differentiate between happy and sad. The Self or the Atman is a constant state of being expressing itself as the truest essence of life force itself.

Rise of Peace Within

The Bhagavatam claims the most evolved humans do not hurt anyone or anything. They realise that the Body is not Atman. When this realisation do not happen within us, we differentiate between “You” and “I”. It is the differentiation we entertain from what is ours and not ours that results in hurting others. This differentiation is a result of ignorance.

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The identification with our body and pride that arises within us due to this identification is Ego. From a very young age, we start to identify with our body. The first learning from the world is to identify yourself. Then comes the sense of possession. We learn to attain what is not ours and retain what we have attained. Here starts the troubles in life.

When Wisdom Blooms

When wisdom arises within us, we learn not to identify with the body. At this point, we realise we are the Atman. The Self is Atman. The attraction to external objects start to fall away. Desires start to reduce within us. Also the division between good and bad diminishes and drops away. We do not even care about attaining a human body or being born in animal bodies. All differences disappear.

A man who has transcended the clutches of ego do not get bound by human built concepts such as house, family and money. It is these concepts that build competition among human beings. We can see it in the society around us. The race to higher money, bigger houses, faster cars and brighter children continues till the very end. It is this competition that often defines us. We are known by the possessions we have. This is a very unfortunate state of affairs.

Atman and Body

The Atman is one, Body is many. Atman is the entity that covers the entire universe. Everything is a subset of that Atman. But Bodies are many. We see 6 Billion human bodies in the planet today. But, the Atman is one.

Atman is Pure. The body is made up of the elements Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. These elements are bound to become dirty. Atman is Life itself. Without the influence of Atman, body is a dead object. We all know that Body has qualities. Some are big, some are strong, some are lean and so on. But, the Atman does not have any qualities. Atman is also complete. Nothing can be added to the Atman nor can anything be taken away from the Atman. But, the body is imperfect and incomplete.

Atman is everywhere and uncovered. The entire universe is present in the Atman. Space is a subset of Atman. But, bodies are limited and are covered with clothes and houses. Bodies have boundaries. Atman sees through the body’s eyes. Body is the object that is seen.

We can see that Atman is not an easy concept to understand. It is beyond understanding. But, there are beings who have realised the Atman. The realisation of the Atman is Self Realisation itself. This realisation releases a man from the challenges of the world. He is no longer bound by desires or comforts of the physical world. This is the stage when the mind gets cleansed. Anger, Lust and Greed will not affect such a person.It is here that Peace arises within ourselves.

Transcendence from Body Mind Identification

The Vedas mention that the Self is not the body. When we say “My name is Shankar”, we are calling our body as Shankar. But, the True Self is not Shankar. Shankar is only a name that our family gave us. It could have been Ram, Vignesh, John or Azeez. It was only by chance that in this life, Shankar was known as Shankar. So, our name is not our true identity. It is only accidental that we got our names.

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We are not Our Body

It is by chance that we got our particular body. We have no control over our being born as male or female. We have no control over our race into which we are born. We could be South Asian, African, Mongoloid or European based on chance. We do not have any authority over our being born into our particular body. The Atman chose our parents and our home to manifest itself in our particular body. A true realisation that our life is a result of circumstances we are born into, will wake us up from the play of Samsara.

If the Self (“I am”) is not the body, the difficulties experienced by the body is not “Mine”. The phenomena of Birth, Growth, Old Age, Sickness and Death are body phenomena. The Self or the Atman is not born. The Atman is not prone to old age, sickness or death. The Atman does not go through any difficulties. So, why should we identify with our problems when the problems are belonging to the body alone?

When we are injured, we say “I am injured”. The wisdom to say “My body is injured” will release us from a lot of troubles that is offered by this world. The Atman is separate from the body. The experiences of the body perceived through the senses do not affect the Atman. So, the Atman is not affected by what we see, hear, taste, smell or touch. Our life experience is based on our Senses. Our efforts are focused towards experiencing the sense objects. But the True Self does not require any of these sense experiences. It is not identified with the Sensory experiences.

“Who are you?”

“I am the one who smells the perfume. I am the one who sees my family. I am the one who feels the touch of my beloved. I am the one who hears the News. I am the one who tastes my lunch.”

This is our everyday life. But, a deeper understanding of the scriptures reveals the shortsightedness of such a perception. The Self or Atman is the very object that livens lifeless objects. The Self is Life itself. Without the power of Self, we are dead. Death is that process which happens when Self or the Atman leaves the body. We do not call a dead body his name. We call it the “body”. The dead one is no longer the “person”. Self or the Atman is that which makes a body a person.  

We are not our Mind

Mind is the flow of thoughts that occur within us. It is an ever changing entity based upon the change of nature and content of our thoughts. A man with no thoughts cannot remain human. “Humanness” is a result of the presence of thoughts along with our bodies. Without thoughts, we are no different from animals.

Now the question arises, if we are our mind. We have a mind. We are not our mind. The mind belongs to us. We are not mind itself. Mind is an ever changing thing, whereas the Atman or the Self (or the “I am”) is a constant thing. The object that we experience as our mind is our creation. We experience mind as a flow of thoughts. These thoughts appeared as a result of our desires, which happens due to our interaction with the world.

The Mind gets its power to think from the Atman. The Atman is separate from the Mind. With the realisation that the Atman is separate from the Mind, we are no longer affected by the troubles of the mind such as Fear and Sadness.

Self is the ultimate truth that we can realise. The acceptance to move beyond our identification with the Body and Mind bestows a lot of power on us.

Vedic Gods of our Body Organs

The parts of our body are sacred. There is a Deva Sankalpa (Divine Invocation) in each part of our body. An understanding of the Vedic Gods that are associated with our organs and the mind will help us respect ourselves better.

Sense Organs

  1. God of Ears – Akasha (Dik Devatha)
  2. God of Eyes – Sun
  3. God of Nostrils – Ashvini Kumaras
  4. God of Tongue – Varuna
  5. God of Skin – Vayu

Motor Organs

  1. God of Speech – Agni
  2. God of Hands – Indra
  3. God of Legs – Vishnu
  4. God of Anus – Yama
  5. God of Sex Organs – Brahma

Mind

  1. God of Conscious Mind – Moon
  2. God of Subconscious Mind – Achyutha (Vishnu/ Krishna)
  3. God of Intellect – Chaturmukha
  4. God of Ego – Shiva

This shows that Divinity is right within us, as mentioned by our ancestors.

 

Qualities of a King stated in Ramayana – Part 2

We have talked about Qualities of a King (Part 1) before. This post is a continuation of Kingly Qualities stated in Ramayana. These qualities are mentioned by Rama to Bharata in Ayodhya Kanda Chapter 100 of Valmiki Ramayana.

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(Image Credit: Global Panorama)

The Defence Forces

Senapathy (Head of Defence) has a serious role in the welfare of the country. The man who leads the Defence forces should be a Satisfied and Happy person. One who is depressed and dissatisfied with himself and the situations of the country should never lead the army. The Defence head should be naturally smart and intelligent. He should be brave, ethical and have a clean record. He must also be from a good background and be totally dedicated to the King.

Army should always be paid on time. They must also be kept well fed and satisfied. If the basic necessities of the defence men are not taken care of, they will be angry with the State and the King. Civil Unrest and Non Dedicated performance at the war front will cost the King dearly.

Negative People in Society

There are certain people in the country who are perpetual trouble makers. They keep making tricks and cheat people with dubious methods. Such citizens are responsible for disturbing the peace of countrymen. Sometimes, they may be powerful with money and other resources as well. They may try to spread wrong messages and ideas to people. Such elements should be destroyed.

We have experienced a lot of negative forces in our country over the years. For money and power, they are ready to do anything at all. Ramayana talks very strongly about keeping such people under strict control or even eliminating them. In Democratic system, it is possible that such people could even come to very powerful positions. The nation should have great controls to install checks on them.

There are people who have been driven out of the country on punishments who are back in the nation after their exile. They must be kept close watch on. They may not always be weak and may seek revenge. There will be atheists and people who do not agree with principles of the King. They should not be disrespected, as such men may be good with words and great at debates. They may cause a lot of trouble and ill will towards the State.

Spies

A great King has great spies. He must appoint spies to look after chief people in his country and other countries as well. There should always be a close eye on the enemies and friends of the King.

The Chief Minister, Court Priest, Successor to the King (Yuvaraja), Head of Defence, Chief Prisons Officer, Chief of the Harem, Main Gate Keeper, Finance Minister, Head of Accounts, Head of Publicity and other people who maintain key responsibilities should be spied upon without fail. The intentions and directions of these people should be kept a close watch on.

The Common Folk

People who work on the fields and conduct business should have high regards for the King. They constitute the Vaishyas and Shudras of the nation. A dissatisfied community of workers and businessmen would result in bad consequences for any King. We can see this today, where businessmen decide the fate of many elections.

Ramayana states that women should be protected and taken care of. A country where women do not feel safe speaks very badly on the King. However, people on the streets and women at home should not come to know of the nation’s secrets. This can be very dangerous.

Servants in the court should not be able to approach the King with total freedom. Yet, they should not be kept away as well. There should be a middle path with respect to the King’s servants. Too much freedom and too much fear are both bad for servants.

We can see how a King or a Leader are very similar in many respects. These principles stated in Ramayana thousands of years ago still hold very good. The wisdom shared in our scriptures have great validity.